WellnessOctoberpdf - page 15

Healthy Vision,
Healthy You!
At Fry Eye our mission is to supply
quality, affordable, state-of-the-art
eye care to all patients in a caring
Christian environment. We will, by our
professionalism, courtesy, kindness and
expertise, instill a feeling of confidence
in each patient.
Fry Eye Associates
St. Catherine Medical Building
310 E. Walnut St., Ste 101
Garden City, Kansas
620-275-7248 or (800)-526-3937
V
isit us today to learn about
the following services:
Cataract Surgery • Corneal Transplant
Refractive Surgery • Glaucoma Treatment
Eye Muscle Surgery
• Eyelid and Cosmetic Surgery
Laser Surgery, and more!
YOUR SMILE
helping you with
Grant K. Vollertsen, DDS
1402 ½ E. Kansas Ave
Garden City, KS 67846
(620) 275-4251 • (866) 810-5000
215931
15
Health & Wellness
Fall 2013
The Garden City Telegram
Metro Creative Connection
-
Upon receiving a breast cancer
diagnosis, many women instantly
want to know their chances for
survival. Such a reaction is un-
derstandable when receiving a
diagnosis of any disease, and es-
pecially one as potentially deadly
as breast cancer. A breast cancer
patient’s prognosis is often linked
to the stage of the disease. Stages
are used to make breast cancer
more understandable to patients
and to give them a basis for com-
parison relative to other patients.
As with many diseases, breast
cancer is best treated the earlier it
is detected, and the various stages
of breast cancer can offer some
insight into how far along the dis-
ease has progressed.
• Stage 0:
During stage 0, can-
cerous cells have not broken out
of the part of the breast in which
they started or invaded neighbor-
ing tissue. The earliest stage of
breast cancer, stage 0 breast cancer
is considered noninvasive and is
often successfully treated.
• Stage I:
Stage I breast cancer
is divided into two subcategories
and is an invasive cancer in which
cancer cells have begun to invade
normal surrounding breast tissue.
Stage IA describes invasive breast
cancer inwhich tumorsmeasure up
to two centimeters and the cancer
has not spread outside the breast
or to the lymph nodes. Stage IB is
also invasive but does not neces-
sarily feature a tumor in the breast.
In such instances where there is no
tumor in the breast, small groups
of cancer cells no larger than two
millimeters are found in the lymph
nodes. When tumors are found in
the breast, the tumors are no big-
ger than two centimeters and there
are small groups of cancer cells in
the lymph nodes.
• Stage II:
Stage II breast cancers
are divided into two subcategories
depending on whether or not there
is a tumor in the breast. Stage IIA
can refer to invasive breast cancers
in which no tumor is found in the
breast but cancer has been found
in one to three lymph nodes un-
der the arm or in the lymph nodes
near the breast. When there is a
tumor in the breast during stage
IIA, the tumor may be two cen-
timeters or smaller and have al-
ready spread to the lymph nodes
under the arm or the tumor may
be between two to five centimeters
but it has not spread to the lymph
nodes under the arms. Stage IIB
breast cancer may refer to an in-
vasive breast cancer in which the
tumor is between two and five
centimeters and small groups of
cancer cells have been found in
the lymph nodes. This stage is also
used to describe tumors between
two and five centimeters that have
spread to the lymph nodes under
the arm or near the breastbone,
or tumors larger than five centi-
meters that have not spread to the
lymph nodes.
• Stage III:
 Stage III breast
cancers are characterized by
two categories, stage IIIA and
stage IIIB. During stage IIIA,
the tumor is between 2 and
5 centimeters in size and has
spread to at least nine underarm
lymph nodes. During stage IIIB,
the tumor has spread beyond
the breast to tissues nearby,
such as the skin, chest wall, ribs,
muscles, or lymph nodes in the
chest wall.
• Stage IV:
Stage IV breast
cancers describe invasive breast
cancer that has spread beyond
the breast and nearby lymph
nodes to other parts of the
body. These organs can include
the bones, brain, distant lymph
nodes, lungs, liver, or skin. Stage
IV breast cancers are often de-
scribed as “advanced” and could
be a recurrence of a previous
breast cancer that has spread to
other parts of the body.
Breast cancer
diagnosis often
described in
stages
1...,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,13,14 16,17,18,19,20
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