Appreciate dairy, reap the benefits
By BARBARA ADDISON
By BARBARA ADDISON
LEHISA de FORNOZA
and DAVID COLTRAIN
Finney County Extension Office
June is National Dairy month, when we are all reminded of the value of drinking milk for our good health and how important dairy products are. Milk builds strong bones and it is never too early or too late to develop healthy lifestyle habits for healthy bones.
Calcium is a mineral that the body needs for numerous functions, including building and maintaining bones and teeth, blood clotting, the transmission of nerve impulses and the regulation of the heart's rhythm. Ninety-nine percent of the calcium in the human body is stored in the bones and teeth. The remaining 1 percent is found in the blood and other tissues.
The body gets the calcium it needs in two ways. One is by eating foods or supplements that contain calcium. Good sources include dairy products, which have the highest concentration per serving of highly absorbable calcium, and dark leafy greens or dried beans, which have varying amounts of absorbable calcium. Calcium supplements often contain vitamin D; taking calcium paired with vitamin D seems to be more beneficial for bone health than taking calcium alone.
For more information, call LÃ©hisa de Fornoza at 272-3670.
Start checking for bagworms
Now is the time to start checking for bagworms. Young bagworms normally hatch in May in Kansas and start out about 1/25 of an inch long. The young larvae begin to spin silken bags around themselves which they carry as they feed. Larvae usually feed on the original plant or those nearby, but very young larvae may be transported to other hosts via a long silken thread that can be carried by the wind. As the larvae grow, leaf fragments are added to the bag, providing a natural camouflage.
People who are truly concerned about bagworms need to begin inspecting trees and shrubs for the first signs of bagworm activities. It takes a keen eye and patience to detect the newly developing bagworms. It will not suffice to stand away from a bush to detect small bagworms. One must look much closer to detect the newly formed bags which may be but the size of a pencil lead. But once you finally recognize what you are looking for, others seem to "jump into view."
Small infestations can be picked off by hand once the larvae are large enough to see easily. However, any insecticide spray will be more effective if used on young larvae that are actively feeding. In Kansas, start looking for the new hatch about the middle of May. Wait a week after seeing the first larvae emerge to allow those still in the bag to make their appearance.
Insecticides commonly used for controlling bagworms include Orthene, cyfluthrin, permethrin, malathion and Sevin. Also, products containing Bacillus thuringiensis are effective when used against bagworm larvae while they are still small. Controls applied in August are often a waste of time and expense because the larvae are large, tough and may have stopped feeding.
The severity of damage suffered last season will determine whether one adopts a two-spray or a single-spray control program for this season. Where damage was severe last year, consider the two-spray approach to preserve all current foliar growth: apply an initial spray the first week of June to eliminate the front end of the hatch and then a second "clean-up" spray to eliminate the remainder of the hatch. Where bagworms were not a serious problem the previous year and there is adequate foliage to support feeding activities without causing noticeable damage, a single application applied the last week of June or first week of July should adequately control bagworm infestations.
Timing and thorough coverage are more important than using a specific insecticide. Merely waving a wand and misting the outer portions will provide disappointing results in efforts to control bagworms. Much of a bagworm infestation may be hidden deeper in the thick interior portions of trees/shrubs. Therefore, thorough coverage is the most important factor when combating bagworms.
If you have any questions about controlling bagworms or any other concerns, call David Coltrain at 272-3670 or email firstname.lastname@example.org.
The Garden City Farmer's Market will be open Saturday and remain open through September at Westlake Hardware's parking lot at the corner of Fleming and Harding streets. Numerous vendors will be present from 7 a.m. to noon to offer the shoppers a variety of home-grown produce, things they've made or home baked food items.
At the Farmers Market you will find a wide variety of seasonal produce: sweet corn, tomatoes, strawberries, peppers, zucchini, cucumbers, melons, beans, greens, potatoes, snow peas, asparagus, apples and much more. In addition to fresh fruits and vegetables, our vendors offer herbs, plants, honey, baked goods, jellies and other homemade items.
Vendors are welcomed and encouraged to contact the Finney County Extension Office at 272-3670 for rules and food safety guidelines. Farmers Market committee contacts will be available on each Saturday to assist vendors.
The public is encouraged to come out and see what the vendors have to offer each Saturday morning. Your experience at the Garden City Farmers Market is bound to be a great one. You'll fill your bags with goodies, then walk away knowing you've strengthened your local economy by directly supporting your area bakers, jam makers, gardeners and farmers.
For more information and questions about joining the Farmers Market, call the Finney County Extension Office at 272-3670 or email email@example.com.
Check that garden and flower bed for a perfect specimen. Finish up that special sewing or craft project. Put your prized collection in a shadow box display. It's time to get ready for the Finney County Fair.
But while crafters, gardeners and those raising animals put the finishing touches on their entries this summer, the fair needs volunteers to help with judging, events and activities.
Volunteers are also needed to help register and display the entries, after judging. Others will be assigned to help set up the exhibit areas and take them down after the fair. This year the fair is set for July 23 to 27.
Each department must keep its own records, so clerical help is also needed. There are more than 30 exhibit division departments for 4-H, FFA and Open Class. All these departments could use four to six helpers, generally contributing only a couple of hours during the fair.
The Finney County Fair would welcome the assistance of anyone who is interested. Volunteers should be able to give the fair about two hours of time.
People often say they want to help wherever needed. To volunteer in a specific department, call the Finney County Extension Office at 272-3670, email firstname.lastname@example.org, register at www.finney.ksu.edu or drop by 501 S. Ninth St. All volunteers should be confirmed by the first of July.
KIDS Dreamsicle Pops
For June Dairy Month, consider making this recipe.
1 cup low-fat vanilla or lemon yogurt
1 can (6 oz.) orange juice concentrate
2 1/2 cups skim milk
1 teaspoon vanilla
12 small paper cups
12 popsicle sticks or plastic spoons
1) Blend together yogurt, orange juice, milk and vanilla, using a blender, hand beater or whisk.
2) Pour into small paper cups.
3) Add a wooden popsicle stick or plastic spoon for the handle.
4) Freeze until firm.
Makes 12 servings. Nutrition facts per serving: calories 60; fat 0 g.; sodium 40 mg.; carbohydrate 13 g.