Now through the end of September is the ideal time to overseed turf-type tall fescue lawns. Use a blend of improved turf-type tall fescue cultivars with resistance to Brown Patch. Seed at four to six pounds per 1,000 square feet. If seeding a new lawn area, six to 10 pounds per 1,000 square feet is the Kansas State Research recommended rate.

When overseeding, it is critical to have good seed-to-soil contact. If seed is just scattered over living grass and debris, little will germinate and grow. One way to achieve good results is to use a slit-seeder that will plant seed through existing grass right into soil or to core aerate the lawn prior to overseeding. Vertical mowers, or dethatchers, can be used, but these can be destructive to existing grass and after using these machines, plant debris must be raked away before overseeding.

For more in-depth lawn seeding details, go to our K-State website: www.finney.ksu.edu. In the left-hand column click on the "Lawn and Garden" link which takes you into an array of horticultural-related topics.

Wheat seeding tips

Getting a good stand of wheat during the optimum time in the fall is an important first step in getting good yields. Often, problems with plant growth and development later in the year can be traced back to poor emergence or inadequate root growth and tiller development in the fall and early winter, said Jim Shroyer, Kansas State University Research and Extension wheat agronomist.

Shroyer provided producers with information to improve their chances of getting a good stand of wheat in the recent Extension Agronomy e-Update, available on the department's website at www.agronomy.ksu.edu/extension.

Shroyer advised these steps:

* Proper tractor speed. It is best to use a tractor speed of between 5 and 6 miles per hour in most cases when drilling wheat.

* Proper, uniform seeding depth. The ideal planting depth for wheat in most cases is about 1.5 inches. Getting a uniform seeding depth is also important.

* Firm seedbed. When seeds are planted into loose soils, rains in the fall will settle the soil and leave the crowns of the seedlings too close to the soil surface. Having a good closing system behind the drill openers, with adequate down pressure, should help.

* Plant during the optimum time. In general, wheat should be planted somewhere around the Hessian fly-free date. For the Finney County area, this is approximently Sept. 25.

* Adequate soil fertility. In general, producers should apply at least part of their nitrogen needs before or at planting time to get the plants off to a strong start.

* Use a seed treatment. Fungicide seed treatments may help with stand establishment in certain situations. For seed production fields, a systemic seed treatment is recommended to help keep seedborne pathogens such as bunt and loose smut out of seed stocks.

* Make adjustments for planting into row crop stubble. When planting wheat into grain sorghum stubble, producers will need an extra 30 pounds of nitrogen per acre over their normal N rate. When planting wheat into soybean stubble, producers should not reduce their N rates since the N credit from soybeans doesn't take effect until the following spring. If the wheat is being planted no-till after row crop harvest, N rates should be increased by 20 pounds per acre over the normal N rate. Seeding rates should be increased when planting wheat late after row crop harvest, he advised.

Beef Stocker Field Day

Kansas State University will host its annual Beef Stocker Field Day on Sept. 30 at the KSU Beef Stocker Unit located on West Marlatt Avenue.

The field day will focus on optimizing stocker profitability by offering management tips and providing the latest information to help stockers adjust to changes in the beef industry. The sessions, offered by K-State faculty and beef industry professionals, will cover current issues for stockers such as managing bovine respiratory disease risk, growth implants, mycoplasma and others.

Registration will begin at 9:30 a.m., followed by a complimentary barbecue brisket lunch with posters and demonstrations for viewing. The afternoon will feature two more sessions and one breakout session. A complimentary pit barbecue featuring Certified Angus Beef product will follow the last session. The cost of attendance is $25 per person by Wednesday. For more information, contact Lois Schreiner at schrein@k-state.edu.

For more information or assistance on this or other topics, please call the Extension Office at 272-3670, located at 501 S. Ninth St.